African American and Black American
By Chance Kelsey, chancellorfiles.com
Some mixed race people in the multiracial movement feel that there is a difference between the African American ethnic group and black race of America. They feel that the African American ethnic group is made up of mixed race people who are part black mixed with white, or part black mixed with other ethnic groups. And, they feel that the black American race is made up of monoracial blacks.
First of all what is the criteria and measuring stick that is used to determine what is a monoracial black person or how mixed percentage wise to qualify as a member of the African American ethnic group? What does a member of the of the “Black American race” look like in phenotype?
If a black American has a dark black skin color like actor Wesley Snipes or dark skin like actress Whoopi Goldberg would this make them members of the Black American race? If a person has the skin color of Singer El Debarge or actress Vanessa Williams does this make them a member of the African American ethnic group but not a member of the black race? Actors Vin Diesel, Wentworth Miller, and Jennifer Beals all three have black fathers and white mothers – but all three these people look non black. Wentworth Miller has an octoroonic phenotype and shows no signs of black ancestry, Vin Diesel and Jennifer Beals have quadroonic phenotypes that make both of them look like Italians, Arabs, or Mediterranean white.
Would these three considered a part of the African American ethnic group because they are biracial, and not allowed to be apart of the black race because they are not dark enough in skin tone (dark black skin). Basketball player Sofoklis Schortsanitis father is white (Greek) and his mother is black (Cameroon, Africa), and Sofoklis is very Dark skin, and at six feet 10 inches tall very unintentionally intimidating. So if Sofoklis was born and raised in America would be a part of the black American race or the African American ethnic group or both since he is biracial?
There are biracial Americans who have one black parent and one white parent but come out dark skin, and look totally black. No matter where they go on the planet people will say these people are black. Do these dark sin black biracials qualify to be apart of the African American ethnic group which is made up of mixed race people according to certain multiracial people? These multiracial advocates also claim that the African American ethnic group is made up of all kinds of skin complexions from light skin, yellow, yellowish red, Carmel brown skin, beige, white, brown and even dark skin mixed race people.
Now the question is this? If a dark skin black man or woman claims to be mixed, and is considered apart of the African America ethnic group of mixed people because he or she said they have some white or non black ethnic group ancestry from relatives who lived long ago – how will you be able to verify this? You definitely can’t go by their phenotypes (physical appearance) because their physical appearances look overwhelmingly black. Whoopi Goldberg had an took an DNA test, and it came back 92% sub Saharan African (black) and 8% European and Rev T.D. Jakes took an DNA test and it came back 100% sub Saharan African, Jakes test revealed he descended from Igbo tribe of Nigeria – so does both of them qualify to join and be a part of the African American ethnic group? Both Jakes and Whoopi have dark skin.
If a dark skin black who has two black parents and is labeled a member of the “Black American race” what about those dark skin blacks who are biracial and can’t be distinguished from a dark skin black that was born to two black parents. What would be the measuring stick that would determine which of these dark skin blacks are left labeled as black – and the other labeled as a member of the African American ethnic group of mixed people? Going around asking strangers about their ethnic back group is considered rude if they don’t know you. AFRICAN AMERICAN The name African American speaks volumes in and of itself. Africa is a continent, and when the average person here the name Africa they think of black people with dark skin. They seldom think of Arabs, whites, Jews, and other racial group living in Africa.
On top of that you can’t walk up to a black American and tell him or her that they are not allowed to use the names African American, Africa America, or Afrocentic. The African evokes images of blackness not mixed raceness. If you keep calling yourself an African American in America you will be perceived as black, and a member of the black race of America like it or not. It carries no weight that some scholar may have said that African America is an ethnic group and black race is a racial group.
Calling yourself an African American has never caused anyone to be viewed as separate from the black race, and it does not protect you from racial discrimination that is directed towards people who have black ancestry that is visible. Matter of fact it opens you up to potential racial discrimination. A black American has every right to call himself an African American. Let the so African American ethnic group try to stop a black man from calling himself an African American. He will let them know that he has a right to do this. If multiracial advocates who try to convince mixed people to continue calling themselves African Americans -- keep thinking that society is viewing them as separate from the black American race they are dreaming. As long as Americans continue to practice the ODR (one drop rule) that says if you have black ancestry especially if it is visible then you are black is in affect -- you will be seen a member of the black race.
Change your name change your destiny. Words are qualifiers, and words produce effects on the psyche (mind), and African American produce images of blackness not mixedness. Find another name that is not connected with being seen as a black person only.
Yahoo answers quote: It sounds as if you -- like many other members of our society -- really need to try to begin to understand that the 'African-American' (AA) 'Ethnic' group is *not* the same group as the’Black American' (BA) 'Race' group -- that the two (2) terms are *not* synonymous and that the two (2) terms should *not* be used inter-changeably. We are *not* speaking of ‘semantics’ here – but rather – the BAs & AAs are two different groups of people.
The AAs are the (largely Mixed-Race) ETHNIC group. The BAs are the (Mono-Raced) RACE group. As confusing as it seems -- the U.S. government [due to racism & wanting to stigmatize the part of their lineage that was from Africa which, by the way, is only one part of their lineage] --- has labeled those individuals who are the known "descendents of the survivors" of the system of chattel-slavery found in the USA as being AAs (the hyphen is used in reference to acknowledging the fact that most of them are Mixed-Race, with African & non-African blood lines)
AND has labeled those people who are "volitional immigrants" who are directly from places such as the continent of African, the West Indies, etc. -- as being BAs (with the word 'Black' used in reference to acknowledging the fact that they are of a Mono-racial full-Black lineage). In addition, it should also be remembered that – although some AAs adhere to a socio-political ‘identity’ that is often described by the slang term of “black”—the AAs are actually *not* a "Race" group at all -- but rather they *are* a largely Mixed-Race 'Ethnic' group (and the socio-political ‘identity’ that a person chooses *does not* change their racially-mixed ancestral lineage).
Most (+70%) of the people born to two (2) parents who are of the AA ‘Ethnic’ group are are of a Multi-Racially ‘Mixed’ (MGM) lineage – while the people to two (2) parents who are of the BA ‘Racial’ group – on the other hand – are of a Mono-Racially ‘Black’ lineage.
There is a big difference between a largely Multi-racial 'Ethnic' group and between a Mono-racial 'Race group. In addition, there is also a big difference between one's socio-political 'identity' (ex. "black") and one's ancestral racial 'lineage' (ex. 'Mixed'). Just because a person adheres to a given socio-political 'identity' does *not* change the composition of their ancestral 'lineage'.
Also -- the 'One-Drop' Rule (the false teaching that 'any amount' of Black ancestral lineage make a person "full black") is nothing more than pure-racism. The racist 'One-Drop Rule' (used only by the United States government, by the way) was created during the antebellum, chattel-slavery era by White racial supremacist in order to get people to believe the false racist myth that the so-called White "race" was "pure" and to falsely view the Black "racial" admixture (even the slightest amount) within someone's ancestral lineage as being "tainted".
To embrace the 'One-Drop Rule' is the equivalent of BOTH embracing "racism" and embracing the false teaching that a Mixed-Race person's Black lineage is "tainted".
My advice is that a non-Racist should *not* embrace the concept of the 'One-Drop Rule' -- as "Black blood" is *not* "tainted" -- and should never be perceived or embraced as being so (not even in the name of so-called "pride" and "unity"). In addition, legally-speaking, attempted forcible application of the racist 'One-Drop Rule' -- against any individual or group -- was made illegal and ruled as unconstitutional by the United States Supreme Court in 1967 via the case of 'Loving vs. The State of Virginia'.
Through the 'Loving vs. Virginia' case, the U.S. Supreme Court, ruled against both all of the laws banning Interracial marriage -- and -- also ruled that any so-called law which forcibly applied the 'One Drop Rule' -- was racist, discriminatory, illegal, unconstitutional, and non-enforcible.
Written during the 21st century by Chancellor (Chance)